Retina & Vitreous


Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetes and its effects on the retina is the most frequent cause of blindness in the active population (20 to 74 years). At the time of diagnosis of Diabetes, up to 20% of patients show signs of Diabetic Retinopathy.

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Retinal detachment

Retinal detachment is an ocular disorder that occurs due to the spontaneous separation of the neurosensory retina (inner layer of the retina) from the pigmentary epithelium (outer layer).

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Floaters

Floaters or “flying flies” (myodesopsia) are small spots (in the form of threads, dots, spider webs) that many people see moving in their visual field, especially when they look at a background with intense contrasts (blank pages, clear sky, etc…)

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Venous thrombosis of the retina

It is a partial or total obstruction of the veins of the retina. Therefore, we can classify it as central venous thrombosis when the central vein of the retina is obstructed (total involvement) or branch venous thrombosis, when it affects a branch of this central vein (partial involvement).

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Macular hole

A macular hole is an opening in the macula, which is the central area of ​​the retina. The gel that is inside the eye (vitreous) can lose its volume over time and shrink. This deteriorated gel can exert traction on the macula.

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High myopia

Myopia is an eye disorder that causes long distance objects to appear blurred. It is usually due to an increase in the axial length of the eye (large eyes).

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Uveitis

Uveitis is an inflammation of the uvea, which is a membrane that surrounds the inside of the eye, formed by the iris, the ciliary body and the choroid, which together form the middle layer of the eye between the retina and the sclera.

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Intraocular tumors

Ocular tumours can appear on the eyelids, in the eye (conjunctiva, choroid or retina) and in the orbit (cavity that houses the eyeball). A retinologist treats tumours located in the choroid or retina.

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Retinitis pigmentosa

Retinitis Pigmentosa is a disease of the retina where its outer layers are damaged, which is where the photoreceptors are located: the cones and the rods, which are the nerve cells specialized in perceiving light.

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