What is uveitis?
Uveitis is an inflammation of the uvea, the membrane that surrounds the inside of the eye. The uvea is made up of the iris, the ciliary body and the choroid, which together form the middle layer of the eye between the retina and the sclera (white part of the eye).
Types of uveitis
There are several types of uveitis, which are defined according to the parts of the eye where they occur.:
• Anterior uveitis or Iridocyclitis: Inflammation of the anterior uvea
• Intermediate uveitis or Parsplanitis: Inflammation of the pars plana, the narrow area located between the iris and choroid.
•Posterior uveitis or Choroiditis:Inflammation of the posterior uvea
• Panuveitis: The entire uvea, that is, the anterior and posterior segments of the eye, is affected.
There are factors that cause uveitis and although in many cases the etiology is unknown, these are the main causes:
– Eye infections.
– Systemic diseases.
• Red eye.
• Blurry vision.
• Photophobia or sensitivity to light.
• Floating bodies or flies.
• Moderate or severe pain.
Uveitis can put vision at risk and can be complicated by the appearance of cataracts, retinal detachment, intraocular hemorrhages, glaucoma or cause macular edema (fluid in the central region of the retina).
That is why it is very important to visit an ophthalmologist if you have any symptoms so that he can carry out an evaluation and control.
There are different types of treatment depending on the severity of the condition, the cause and the duration of uveitis.
• Drop instillation.
• Oral or systemic medication.
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