What is Retinitis Pigmentosa?
Retinitis pigmentosa is a genetic disease of the retina in which the outermost layers of the retina are damaged. In these layers are located the photoreceptors (the cones and rods), which are the nerve cells specialized in perceiving light. It is a rare disease that affects 2 or 3 out of every ten thousand people and usually affects both eyes.
• Vision loss and reduced visual field
• Difficulty with night vision
Treatment focuses on resolving associated complications such as cataracts, macular edema or epiretinal membranes. It is also important to perform a genetic diagnosis to identify the inheritance pattern of the pathology and to indicate the probability of transmitting it or to alert carrier relatives who have not yet developed it.
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