What are intraocular tumors?

Ocular tumors can occur in the eyelids, eye and orbit. The retinologist treats tumors located in the choroid or retina (intraocular).
Tumors can be primary eye tumors or metastatic (coming from elsewhere in the body). Among the former, the most frequent in childhood are retinoblastomas and in adulthood are melanomas.
Among the metastatic ones, the most frequent are breast cancer in women and lung cancer in men.
Sometimes tumors in other parts of the body, such as cutaneous melanomas or lung cancer, may be accompanied by retinal lesions of an immunological nature. These are what we call paraneoplastic syndromes.


Retinoblastomas appear in children under two years of age, hence the importance of ophthalmologic examinations at an early age. In these cases the initial sign may be leukocoria (white reflex in the pupil). In adults it depends on the location of the tumor. If it affects the macula (center of the retina), it may be accompanied by loss of vision. If the location is peripheral, it may go unnoticed, so it is important to follow routine controls by an ophthalmologist.


The retinologist will decide the specific treatment for each type of tumor.

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